staysail n : a fore-and-aft sail set on a stay (as between two masts)
- Finnish: haruspurje
A staysail is a fore-and-aft rigged sail whose luff can be affixed to a stay running forward (and most often but not always downwards) from a mast to the deck, the bowsprit or to another mast.
Most staysails are bob triangular, however some are four-cornered, notably some fishermans staysails.
Any triangular staysail set forward of the foremost mast is called a jib. Confusingly, the innermost jib on a cutter, schooner and many other rigs having two or more jibs is referred to simply as the staysail, and another of the jibs on such a rig is referred to simply as the jib.
Types of staysail include - the Tallboy Staysail (a narrow staysail carried between the spinnaker and the mainsail on racing yachts), the Genoa Staysail (a larger staysail carried inside the spinnaker when broad reaching), and the Bigboy Staysail (another name for the Shooter or Blooper, carried on the leeward side of the spinnaker). Unlike the Cutter staysail, none of these staysails have the luff affixed to a stay.
On large rigs, staysails other than jibs are named according to the mast and mast section on which they are hoisted. Thus, the staysail hoisted on a stay that runs forward and downwards from the top of the mizzen topgallant mast is the mizzen topgallant staysail. If two staysails are hoisted to different points on this mast, they would be the mizzen upper topgallant staysail and the mizzen lower topgallant staysail.
staysail in Bulgarian: Стаксел
staysail in German: Stagsegel
staysail in Italian: Vela di straglio
staysail in Polish: Sztaksel
staysail in Russian: Стаксель
staysail in Finnish: Haruspurje
staysail in Swedish: Stagsegel